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Zika Virus | XL Health Blog

What is the Zika Virus?

Posted on 04. Mar, 2016 by in Medical

Zika Virus | XL Health Blog

There is a mosquito-borne illness that many individuals in the United States are concerned about because it frequently causes serious complications. The Zika virus was first identified in Africa in Uganda. This disease was common in the Zika Forest during the 1940s, leading to symptoms that are similar to the signs that people experience with other conditions such as:

• West Nile virus
• Japanese encephalitis
• Yellow fever
• Dengue

Some infected people will have mild symptoms of fever, nausea or malaise that resolve quickly. By 2015, the Zika virus was being diagnosed in patients in Central America and Mexico. Unfortunately, people living in these regions tend to have less natural resistance to the infection and become sicker.

Dangers for Pregnant Women

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is currently telling travelers to use caution when going to countries where the Zika virus has reached pandemic levels. The main concern is for pregnant women who may contract Zika virus and transmit the condition to unborn fetuses. This is because experts believe it is possible that the Zika virus can lead to brain development abnormalities. Additional concerns are that pregnant women are more likely to have a miscarriage if they contract the Zika virus. There is also evidence that infected adults may eventually develop Guillain-Barre Syndrome.

How Zika Virus is transmitted 

This virus is transmitted by a mosquito that flies during the daytime. Medical researchers also believe that the Zika virus is transmittable with intimate contact when someone is infected. Physicians have found evidence of the Zika virus in the amniotic fluid of pregnant women who were carrying fetuses that had microcephaly. This condition causes the brain of infants to develop slowly and have a smaller circumference.

Symptoms and Treatments for Zika Virus 

The symptoms of infection by the Zika virus include:

• Joint discomfort
• Conjunctivitis
• Fatigue
• Fever
• Skin rash
• Headache

Treatment for Zika virus includes:

• Acetaminophen
• Plenty of fluids
• Bed rest

 

 

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